OUTCOMES OF INVESTMENTS IN SCIENCE AND SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT – CASE OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
Keywords:public policy, science, research, Republic of Serbia, budget
The purpose of this article is to review the inputs (investments) and the results of the policy of encouraging the development of science and research in Serbia and to compare these aspects with trends in Europe (i.e., in the EU-28) and the rest of the world. Based on the analysis of data related to this topic, adopted strategic documents, implemented activities, and achieved results, it was concluded that in the field of development of science and research in the Republic of Serbia during the last decade, there has been gradual progress, but also a permanent lag concerning the average observed values in EU. When it comes to global trends and tendencies in modern science and research activities, it is noticeable that they are recognized in the Republic of Serbia, which is manifested in the general goals and directions of activities written down in laws and strategic documents. However, in the field of realization of planned activities and even more, in terms of achieving goals, there are numerous challenges, the solution of which should be worked on in the future.
BULLETIN. (2022/2). Science Fund of the Republic of Serbia.
CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, Official Gazette, no. 98/2006 and 115/2021.
DUNN, W.N. (2018). Public Policy Analysis – An Integrated Approach, Sixth Edition. New York & London: Routledge.
DYE, T.R. (2017). Understanding Public Policy, Fifteenth Edition, Pearson.
ETZKOWITZ, H. (2008). The Triple Helix: University-Industry-Government Innovation in Action, Routledge.
EUROPEAN COMMISSION, (2022). Science, research and innovation performance of the EU 2022 – Building a sustainable future in uncertain times, Brussels.
EUROSTAT, (2022). Government Finance Statistics. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Government_finance_statistics (Accessed October 2022)
HANUSHEK, E.A., WÖßMANN, L. (2007). The Role of Education Quality and Economic Growth. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 4122.
JANN, W., WEGRICH, K. (2007). Theories of the Policy Cycle. In: Fischer, F., Miller G.J., Sidney, M.S., eds. Handbook of Public Policy Analysis - Theory, Politics, and Methods. London New York: CRC Press. 2007.
LAW ON SCIENCE AND RESEARCH, Official Gazette of the RS, no. 49/2019-3.
LAW ON SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ACTIVITY, Official Gazette of the RS, no. 110/2005, 50/2006 corrected, 18/2010 and 112/2015.
LAW ON THE PLANNING SYSTEM OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, Official Gazette of the RS, no. 30/2018.
LAW ON THE SCIENCE FUND OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, Official Gazette of the RS, no. 95/2018.
LILIUS, M.M. (2022). Trust, Knowledge, and Society: Trust as the foundation of societal development, Martin Mikael LIlius, 2022.
MCCLELLAND D.C. (1966). Does education accelerate economic growth? In: Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 14, No. 3, 257-278.
MOSUROVIĆ RUŽIČIĆ, M., FABRIS, N., KUTLAČA Đ. (2017). Istraživanje i razvoj u modelima ekonomskog rasta i strukturnih promena. In: Poslovna ekonomija, vol. XI, no. 2, 55-72.
PATTON, C.V, SAWICKI, D.S., CLARK, J.J (2016). Basic Methods of Policy Analysis and Planning, Third Edition, London & New York: Routledge.
RESEARCH FOR INNOVATION - STRATEGY FOR SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA FOR THE PERIOD FROM 2016 TO 2020, Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, 2016.
RTS, Campus BIO4 - a unique space for the development of biotechnology and artificial intelligence, 13.07.2022. online: https://www.rts.rs/page/stories/sr/story/125/drustvo/4886237/bio4-kampus-projekat-idejeno-resenje.html (Accessed 15th October 2022.)
STRATEGY OF SMART SPECIALIZATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA FOR THE PERIOD FROM 2020 TO 2027, Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade.
THE STRATEGY OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA FOR THE PERIOD FROM 2021 TO 2025 "POWER OF KNOWLEDGE", Official Gazette of the RS, 10/2021-3.
THE WORLD BANK, (2022). General government expenditure. Available at: https://databank.worldbank.org/metadataglossary/world-development-indicators/series/NE.CON.GOVT.ZS (Accessed October 2022)
UNGER, R.M. (2022). The Knowledge Economy, Verso.